If you’re a pet owner, you should definitely include your furry friends in your survival plan. In case of an emergency, pets can be extremely helpful and they might end up being the ones that save you.
However, for better or for worse, they are your responsibility. Take a moment to read FEMA’s recommendations and adapt them to your situation in order to know how to save your pet in case of an emergency and make sure to read my guide below that will help you make sure that your pet survives if things go really bad.
If you evacuate your home, DO NOT LEAVE YOUR PETS BEHIND! Pets most likely cannot survive on their own and if by some remote chance they do, you may not be able to find them when you return.
If you are going to a public shelter, it is important to understand that animals may not be allowed inside. Plan in advance for shelter alternatives that will work for both you and your pets. Consider loved ones or friends outside of your immediate area who would be willing to host you and your pets in an emergency.
Make a back-up emergency plan in case you can’t care for your animals yourself. Develop a buddy system with neighbors, friends and relatives to make sure that someone is available to care for or evacuate your pets if you are unable to do so.
Be prepared to improvise and use what you have on hand to make it on your own for at least three days, maybe longer.
Plan for pet needs during a disaster by:
– Identifying shelter. For public health reasons, many emergency shelters cannot accept pets. Find out which motels and hotels in the area you plan to evacuate to allow pets well in advance of needing them.
There are also a number of guides that list hotels/motels that permit pets and could serve as a starting point. Include your local animal shelter’s number in your list of emergency numbers. They might be able to provide information concerning pets during a disaster.
– Take pet food, bottled water, medications, veterinary records, cat litter/pan, manual can opener, food dishes, first aid kit and other supplies with you in case they’re not available later.
Before you find yourself in an emergency situation, consider packing a “pet survival” kit which could be easily deployed if disaster hits.
– Make sure identification tags are up-to-date and securely fastened to your pet’s collar. If possible, attach the address and/or phone number of your evacuation site. If your pet gets lost, his tag is his ticket home.
– Make sure you have a current photo of your pet for identification purposes.
Make sure you have a secure pet carrier, leash or harness for your pet so that if he panics, he can’t escape.
Prepare Shelter for Your Pet
Take the following steps to prepare to shelter your pet:
– Call your local emergency management office, animal shelter or animal control office to get advice and information.
– If you are unable to return to your home right away, you may need to board your pet. Find out where pet boarding facilities are located. Be sure to research some outside your local area in case local facilities close.
– Most boarding kennels, veterinarians and animal shelters will need your pet’s medical records to make sure all vaccinations are current. Include copies in your “pet survival” kit along with a photo of your pet.
– Some animal shelters will provide temporary foster care for owned pets in times of disaster but this should be considered only as a last resort.
– If you have no alternative but to leave your pet at home, there are some precautions you must take, but remember that leaving your pet at home alone can place your animal in great danger!
Confine your pet to a safe area inside – NEVER leave your pet chained outside! Leave them loose inside your home with food and plenty of water.
Remove the toilet tank lid, raise the seat and brace the bathroom door open so they can drink. Place a notice outside in a visible area, advising what pets are in the house and where they are located.
Provide a phone number where you or a contact can be reached as well as the name and number of your vet.
How to Protect Your Pet During a Disaster
– Bring your pets inside immediately.
– Have newspapers on hand for sanitary purposes. Feed the animals moist or canned food so they will need less water to drink.
– Animals have instincts about severe weather changes and will often isolate themselves if they are afraid. Bringing them inside early can stop them from running away. Never leave a pet outside or tied up during a storm.
– Separate dogs and cats. Even if your dogs and cats normally get along, the anxiety of an emergency situation can cause pets to act irrationally. Keep small pets away from cats and dogs.
– In an emergency, you may have to take your birds with you. Talk with your veterinarian or local pet store about special food dispensers that regulate the amount of food a bird is given. Make sure that the bird is caged and the cage is covered by a thin cloth or sheet to provide security and filtered light.
Caring for Your Pet After a Disaster
If after a disaster you have to leave town, take your pets with you. Pets are unlikely to survive on their own.
In the first few days after the disaster, leash your pets when they go outside. Always maintain close contact.
Familiar scents and landmarks may be altered and your pet may become confused and lost.
Also, snakes and other dangerous animals may be brought into the area with flood areas. Downed power lines are a hazard.
The behavior of your pets may change after an emergency. Normally quiet and friendly pets may become aggressive or defensive. Watch animals closely. Leash dogs and place them in a fenced yard with access to shelter and water.
This is just a basic guide to have you prepared for the most common potential disaster and survival situations, including short term emergencies. For the very unlikely end of the world scenarios, there are definitey more things to do, the most important being that of keeping your pet close by.
In such a scenario, there will be no veterinarians, motels or shelters in the first place, so it will be up for you to keep your pet nearby and care for them. This is also when dogs become great assets, as they can provide protection – even if it’s only by barking to signal a threat.